The heart of Florence is Piazza della Signoria with its majestic Palazzo Vecchio, with its gallery of masterpieces of sculpture in the Loggia dei Lanzi and the nearby Uffizi Gallery, one of the most famous art museums in the world. Not far away there is the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, with its majestic dome (the largest ever built) that, at the time of the Grand Duchy, it was said that with his shadow to cover the whole of Tuscany, the enormous Cathedral is beautifully accompanied by the Bell Tower, one of the most beautiful in Italy, and the Baptistery of San Giovanni, with its famous bronze doors among which is the golden gate of heaven.
The Arno River, which passes through the city, occupies a place in the history of Florence at par with the people who live there. Historically, the local population has a love-hate relationship with the Arno, which led alternately the benefits of trade, and the disasters of floods. Among the bridges that cross the Ponte Vecchio is unique in the world, with the characteristics jewelery shops in houses built on it. NobileCorridoio crossed by Vasari, is the only bridge in the city to have survived the Second World War.
In addition to the Uffizi, Florence has other museums that would be the main artistic attraction of every other major city in the world: the Accademia Gallery, ilBargello or the Pitti Palace with its eight museums, including the Palatine Gallery. The Florentines boast of possessing the best example of beauty in both women (Botticelli's Venus) and male (Michelangelo's David).
UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982, the historic center of Florence, enclosed within a circle of paths traced over the old medieval walls, collects the most important cultural heritage of the city. Bordered by the trace of the wall of the fourteenth century, built thanks to the commercial and economic power, it reached the next two centuries its peak.
The old town can be appreciated in its entirety from the surrounding hills, especially from Forte Belvedere, Piazzale Michelangelo with the Romanesque Basilica of San Miniato al Monte and the hills of Fiesoleche offers one of the most beautiful views of the valley of the Arno .
Florence as the "cradle of the Renaissance" has its masterpieces in the works of Filippo Brunelleschi (the Hospital of the Innocents, the church of San Lorenzo and Santo Spirito) and Leon Battista Alberti (the facade diSanta Maria Novella and the Palazzo Rucellai), but other artistic periods have left their masterpieces: from Romanesque Miniato al Monte, the Gothic Santa Croce (where are the graves of the Italic glories, as defined Ugo Foscolo, who also buried there), to the vagaries of the Mannerism of the Giambologna or by Bernardo Buontalenti (such as the Fountain of Neptune or ilGiardino Boboli), up to the masterpieces of the greatest Italian architects of the twentieth century as the station of Santa Maria Novella and the Stadio Artemio Franchi, respectively by Giovanni Michelucci and Pier Luigi Nervi.La shore left side of the Arno (Oltrarno) is an area rich in monuments where you can still breathe, between its secular workshops, the atmosphere of the Florence of the past, as described for example by Vasco Pratolini. But there are many literary ideas across the city: from the neighborhoods of the tower houses, where the plaques commemorate the verses that these places inspired by Dante Alighieri, the serenity of the Medici villas, where they often met the Platonic Academy of Lorenzo the Magnificent , to the theaters at the Pergola and the Boboli Gardens, where they were placed in the scenes for the first time the melodramas that led to opera.